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Meetings Calendar 2006
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Membership of European Networks of Knowledge

 

 

In 2002 Austria spent 1.73 percent of its total R&D expenditure and 3.5 percent of its public research expenditure on membership of European research institutions. The main benefit from these memberships is access to tools at the “frontier of knowledge”, the opportunity to conduct research at the cutting edge and the ability to keep up with world-class research even as a small country. However, beside new knowledge, advantages also include the training of young scientists to international standards. Equally important is the financial return generated in the form of orders for Austrian industry and service providers.

  • Austria joined the international organisation CERN, the Centre Européenne pour la Recherche Nucleaire, near Geneva as early as 1959.
  • Austria is also a member of the Centre International des Sciences Mécaniques CISM that was founded in 1968.
  • Austria was also a founding member of the European Molecular Biology Conference EMBC. This organisation, which was founded in 1970, provides the funding for the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL).
  • In 1975 Austria started participating in European Space Agency programmes, becoming a full member of ESA in 1987.
  • Austria has been a member of EUMETSAT, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, since the latter was founded in 1986.
  • Since 1990 Austria has been an associate partner in the Institut Max von Laue – Paul Langevin, a source of neutrons.
  • As a member state of the European Union, Austria signed the European Fusion Development Agreement EFDA that came into force in 1999. The nuclear fusion reactor ITER is an EFDA project.
  • Austria has been a member of the Italian synchrotron research centre ELETTRA since 1996 through the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Since 2001 Austria has been a scientific partner of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF where it is represented by the Academy of Sciences.
  • Austria’s status in European space research was significantly enhanced in 2002 when Vienna was chosen as the home of the European Space Policy Institute (ESPI), of which it was a founding member.
  • The Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development and the Austrian Science Board have recommended that Austria join the European Southern Observatory.

 

Date: 30.12.2005