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Meetings Calendar 2006
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The Laender Executive

 

The executive at the provincial level comprises only administration. The provinces do not have their own system of justice. The highest authority in provincial administration is the provincial government as a collegiate body. The governor is the chairman of the provincial government. He or she is also an indirect federal administrative authority. The provincial government and the governor may also make use of the office of the provincial government.

The lowest level in the hierarchy of authorities is made up of the district leaders. They act both at federal and provincial level.

 

Municipalities

The municipality is a territorial administrative body:

  • with the right to self-administration
  • it is also an adminstrative district
  • and an independent economic entity

Municipalities are found throughout the country. On request, a municipality with at least 20,000 inhabitants may be awarded its own statutes under provincial law.

The municipal council, like the National Council and the provincial assembly, is a general representative body. It is elected by all citizens of the municipality. The active and passive right to vote is also available to citizens of other EU Member States.

The local administrative board is elected by the municipal council and has essentially the function of consulting with the municipal council before decisions are taken. In cities with their own statutes, the local administrative board is called the city senate.

The mayor is elected either by the municipal council or the inhabitants of the municipality. The municipal office conducts the business of the municipal institutions.

Vienna, the federal capital, has a unique position: it is both a city with its own statutes and a federal province. Its institutions thus fulfil two roles:

  • mayor = governor
  • provincial government = city senate
  • provincial council = municipal council
  • office of the provincial government = city council
Date: 01.01.2006