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Meetings Calendar 2006
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Vienna

Coat of arms Vienna

 

Population: 1 613 300

Area: 414.65 km²

Capital of the province: Vienna

Governor: Michael Häupl (Austrian Social Democratic Party, SPÖ)

Links:
Government and capital of the province: http://www.wien.gv.at
Tourist Office: http://www.wien.info

Municipalities:
City with its own charter and 23 districts

Location:
The province of Vienna is located on the north-eastern rim of the Alps. The city of Vienna is also the capital of Austria. The main transport links lead from Vienna to the other parts of Austria and to the new EU Member States. Vienna does not have any external borders with other countries.

History:
In 976 the Babenbergs took over the Austrian territories and moved their royal residence soon afterwards to Vienna. When the Habsburgs acquired the imperial crown in 1438, the nobility and ruling family began to build palaces and summer residences in and around Vienna. In 1469 St. Stephen’s became the cathedral of the diocese.

The first siege by the Turks in 1529 resulted in major changes to Vienna’s fortifications. The second siege by the Turks in 1683, too, led to major changes in the cityscape

In 1809 Napoleon ordered the city walls to be blown up when he withdrew from Vienna. The walls were finally razed in 1857. One of the last vestiges of the city walls is the Outer Burgtor in Heldenplatz, although it was not built until after the demolition by Napoleon. Another major change in the cityscape resulted from the regulation of the Danube, which began in 1869.

In 1910 Vienna’s population was at its highest with 2 031 000 inhabitants. The city became an independent province in 1922 as a result of the Separation Act, which split Vienna away from Lower Austria.

Many synagogues in Vienna were destroyed in the 1938 “November Pogrom”. Large parts of the city were also destroyed by allied bombing raids in the Second World War.

Construction of the buffer dam and thus of the Danube Island as well as the UN City began in 1972. Vienna’s first underground train began operating in 1978.

 

Date: 22.12.2005