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Meetings Calendar 2006
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Lower Austria

Coat of arms Lower Austria

 

Population: 1 563 900

Area: 19 177.78 km²

Capital: St. Pölten

Governor: Erwin Pröll (Austrian People’s Party. ÖVP)

Links:
Government of Lower Austria: http://www.noel.gv.at
Tourist Office: http://www.niederoesterreich.info

Municipalities:
573 municipalities in 21 districts
20 towns, 4 of which have their own charter

Location:
Lower Austria is in the north-east of Austria between the Alps and the Bohemian Massif. It borders on the Czech Republic in the north and Slovakia in the east. From here, there are major crossing points to the new EU Member States. The Danube flows through Lower Austria from west to east.

History:
In 976 the Babenbergs were given the Austrian territories in fief, which at the time encompassed large parts of what is now Lower Austria. These territories were separated from Bavaria in 1156 and made a duchy in their own right. The Babenberg dynasty died out in 1246 and King Ottokar II Přemysl became the new ruler. By the end of his reign, Lower Austria was approximately the size it is today.

The last minor adjustments to its external border were made by the Treaty of St Germain in 1919. Vienna was separated from Lower Austria in 1922 and became a province (Bundesland) in its own right, but remained the capital of Lower Austria. In 1986 St. Pölten became the capital of Lower Austria following a referendum.

 

Date: 22.12.2005