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Meetings Calendar 2006
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Burgenland

Coat of arms Burgenland

 

Population: 277 600

Area: 3 965.46 km²

Capital: Eisenstadt

Governor: Hans Niessl (Austrian Social Democratic Party, SPÖ)

Links:
Government of Burgenland: http://www.burgenland.gv.at
Capital of Burgenland: http://www.eisenstadt.at
Tourist Office: http://www.burgenland.info

Municipalities: 171 municipalities in 7 districts
13 towns, 2 of which have their own charter

Location:
Burgenland borders on Hungary in the east and is the most easterly of the nine Austrian provinces. The Neusiedlersee lake is on the edge of the Hungarian Plain.

History:
Burgenland, which belonged to Hungary until the end of the First World War, was settled by the Magyars. Following the Mongol invasion in 1241, the Austrians also began to build border fortifications in Burgenland. Many fortified castles and castle ruins from that period still remain to the present day.

Territories changed hands between Austria and Hungary on several occasions before Duke Albert V was elected King of Hungary in 1437, the first Austrian to hold the crown. After the Austro-Hungarian War of 1484-1491, the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian I renounced the Hungarian crown, but retained authority over the Western Hungarian territories. In 1647 all Western Hungarian lands under Austrian administration were placed under Hungarian control to avert a planned uprising.

The ecological character of Burgenland changed radically between 1865 and 1871. The Neusiedlersee lake dried out completely as a result of canal construction. It subsequently filled up naturally again.

After the First World War the Treaty of Trianon assigned the German-speaking parts of Burgenland to Austria in 1920. Italian mediation led to a referendum on the city of Sopron and its environs in December 1921, the result of which was not in Austria’s favour.

 

Date: 20.12.2005