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Meetings Calendar 2006
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Serbia and Montenegro

 
Flagge Serbiens Србија и Црна Гора

 

Government: State union: 2 constituent republics (Serbia, Montenegro); the province of Kosovo has been under UN administration since 1999
Head of State and Government: Svetozar Marovic (resigned)
Foreign Minister: Vuk Draskovic

Population: Serbia 7.49 million., Montenegro 617.000
Capital: Belgrade, Podgorica
Area: 102 173 km²
Currency: Dinar (CSD), in Montenegro euro; 1 EUR= 83,4 CSD

GDP in real terms: 20,4 billion euro
GDP per capita: 2 500 euro
Economic growth: 6,5% (IWF)
Unemployment: 17,7%

Main export markets: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Germany, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Main exports: Finished products, food
Main source of imports: Germany, Russian Federation, Italy, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Main imports: Machinery, transport equipment, fuel and lubricants, textiles
Major economic sectors: Industry, farming, commerce

 

Serbia and Montenegro’s steps towards the EU

  • 1996: regional approach: Council of the European Union establishes political and economic conditionality for the development of bilateral relations.
  • 1999: the EU proposes a new Stabilisation and Association Process for five countries of South-Eastern Europe, including the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • October 2000: fall of the Milosevic regime.
  • November 2000: “Framework Agreement Federal Republic of Yugoslavia-EU for the provision of Assistance and Support by the EU to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia”.
  • June 2000: Feira European Council states that all the SAP countries are potential candidates for EU membership.
  • 2001: start of the new CARDS programme, specifically designed to provide financial assistance to the Stabilisation and Association countries.
  • July 2001: start of the EU- Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Consultative Task Force.
  • March 2002: signature of the Belgrade Agreement on a State Union.
  • February 2003: entry into force of the Constitutional Charter. The state union of Serbia and Montenegro becomes the legal successor to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The state union comprises the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro.
  • June 2003: the Thessaloniki European Council confirms the Stabilisation and Association Process as the EU policy for the Western Balkans. The EU perspective for these countries is confirmed
  • July 2003: “Enhanced Permanent Dialogue” replaces the format of the Consultative Task Force.
  • June 2004: Council of the European Union decides on a European Partnership for Serbia and Montenegro.
  • October 2004: in keeping with the constitution, the negotiations are conducted with the state union as well as with the constituent republics, depending on the area of competence.
  • April 2005: The European Commission stresses in its Feasibility Study that Serbia and Montenegro is ready to begin negotiations on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU.
  • October 2005: beginning of negotiations on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement.
  • 1st half of 2006: The negotiations on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement will continue under the Austrian Presidency. The independence referendum in Montenegro on 21.5.2006, which will decide on general independence for Montenegro, is another important step for the future of the two republics. 

 

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Date: 06.06.2006