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Meetings Calendar 2006
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Legal acts and legislative procedure

 

The Constitutional Treaty establishes a simplified classification of legal instruments and renames the legislative procedure.

In most cases, EU legislation is adopted through the "ordinary legislative procedure", which corresponds to the current codecision procedure, with a qualified majority vote in the Council of Ministers (Council). Unanimity in the Council is still required in certain specific cases.

The new legal acts of the European Union

European law

European laws replace regulations. They are of general application, are binding in their entirety and directly applicable.

European framework law

European framework laws take the place of directives. They are binding as to the result to be achieved, but leave the choice of form and methods to the national authorities.

European regulation

European regulations are of general application, but "non-legislative" (i.e. they are not adopted through the legislative procedure with the involvement of the European Parliament, but by the Council of Ministers, the European Council or the Commission solely for the purpose of implementing laws).

European decision: "non-legislative act"

European decisions are binding in their entirety. They are also further defined in the Constitution. European decisions are not restricted to specific individual addressees, but may be of general application.

Recommendations and opinions

Recommendations and opinions do not have binding force.

 

Date: 01.01.2006