.
Direkt zum Inhalt.
Direkt zum Inhalt.
Tagungskalender 2006
Jänner
.
Februar
.
März
.
April
.
Mai
.
Juni
.
März
  Mo Di Mi Do Fr Sa So  
 
.
.
1
.
2
.
3
.
4
.
5
.
 
  6
.
7
.
8
.
9
.
10
.
11
.
12
.
 
  13
.
14
.
15
.
16
.
17
.
18
.
19
.
 
  20
.
21
.
22
.
23
.
24
.
25
.
26
.
 
  27
.
28
.
29
.
30
.
31
.
.
.
 
 
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
 
 
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
 
Service
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Erklärungen in internationalen Organisationen

17.05.2006

EU Paper for the Special Meeting on Small Arms and Light Weapons in preparations for the UN Review Conference on the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects


 

General

Since 2001 the EU has actively been promoting the implementation of the UN Program of Action to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SALW). The EU has adopted a strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition in order to strengthen its action against the destabilizing spread of these weapons.

Already in 1998 the EU adopted a Code of Conduct on Arms Exports as a politically binding instrument which helped to harmonise Member States’ policy on arms exports. Its adoption as a legally binding Council Document is envisaged.

In the fight against the proliferation of SALW the EU pursues a progressive policy in two ways. On the one hand an Action Plan for lobbying in the run-up of the review conference was adopted. On the other hand projects for collection and destruction of SALW and for the improvement of the security of storage facilities have been and will continue to be financed by the EU.

As the proliferation of SALW has a serious impact on conflicts, on development and on human rights, the UN Review Conference on the Programme of Action should focus on the following crucial areas: Improved transfer controls, marking and tracing, brokering regulations, ammunition and integration of SALW measures into development cooperation.

In preparation of the UN review conference the EU has, within the above mentioned Action Plan, made demarches by the Presidency in states, whose positions could be decisive for the success of the conference. So far strong support for the EU position has been expressed by Canada, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia & Montenegro, Ukraine, Algeria, Senegal, Kenya, Israel, Brazil, Argentina, Thailand and Cambodia.

During the conference the EU will make a presentation of its activities and projects concerning SALW as well as distribute relevant EU documents.

EU provisions and documents

The UN PoA reaffirms the need for complementarity between the global, regional and national levels in its implementation. The European Security Strategy (ESS), adopted on 13 December 2003, defines five key challenges faced by the EU: Terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, regional conflicts, state failure and organised crime. The consequences of the illicit manufacture, transfer and circulation of small arms and light weapons and their excessive accumulation and uncontrolled spread are central to four of these five areas: SALW not only contribute to a worsening of terrorism and organised crime, they are also a major factor in the triggering and spreading of conflicts and contribute to the collapse of State structures. In December 2005 the EU adopted the Strategy to combat the illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition. The aim of this strategy is to develop an integrated approach and a comprehensive Plan of Action to combat the illicit trade in SALW and their ammunition.

In June 1998 the European Union became the first group of states to accept a regional Code of Conduct. The EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports is a politically binding instrument that seeks to create "high common standards" for all EU Members to use when making arms export decisions and to increase transparency among EU Member States on arms exports. The Code lays down eight criteria for the export of conventional arms as well as a procedure for denials. These eight criteria have to be considered in every single case.

In-depth review discussions of the Code of Conduct have been going on since its adoption. These discussions have already been completed at a technical level. The resulting draft constitutes a significantly updated and upgraded Code. Several new elements are to be included, thereby deepening and widening its scope of application. These elements include the extension of controls to brokering, transit transactions and intangible transfers of technology, as well as the implementation of strengthened procedures in order to harmonise Member States export policies. It is envisaged that the new Code will be adopted in the form of a legally binding Council Common Position.

EU activities in the field of SALW

Based on the provisions and policies of the EU to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition, the EU supports different projects and activities to collect and destroy SALW and to improve the security of storage facilities all over the world. The EU is financing such projects inter alia in Cambodia since 1999 and in Albania since 2003. EU contributions were made to the UN projects in Lima, which covers Latin-America and the Caribbean as well as to the SEESAC for its activities in the Balkans. Furthermore the European Commission handles projects to collect SALW and to promote DDR in Tanzania, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In 2006 an additional 1 Mio € was dedicated to a project by NAMSA in Ukraine and a further 500.000,- € will be spent for the support of the SALW unit in Abuja, which is working on ECOWAS projects .

The Acceding Countries Bulgaria and Romania, the Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia and Montenegro, as well as Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova align themselves with this declaration.

 

* Croatia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process

Datum: 18.05.2006